Module 5: Creating awareness on validation of the acquired competences

Validation of competences

There are numbers of instruments and methods to validate digital competences. Here we present validation in the frame of non-formal education which is more appropriate for seniors learners.

Validation digital competences by Europass

Europass is one of the instruments for validation of different kind of competences in Europe. The five Europass documents are the Curriculum Vitae, Language Passport, Europass Mobility, Certificate Supplement, and Diploma Supplement, sharing a common brand name and logo. Since 2012 individuals have been able to assemble all Europass documents in the European Skills Passport. In every country, a National Europass Centre promotes and provides information on the Europass documents.

The process of validation digital competences include few steps of questions which senior citizen has to answer with the aim to understand own level of competences.

Information processing

  • Basic user

I can look for information online using a search engine. I know not all online information is reliable. I can save or store files or content (e.g. text, pictures, music, videos, web pages) and retrieve them once saved or stored.

  • Independent user

I can use different search engines to find information. I use some filters when searching (e.g. searching only images, videos, maps). I compare different sources to assess the reliability of the information I find. I classify the information in a methodical way using files and folders to locate these easier. I do backups of information or files I have stored.

  • Proficient user

I can use advanced search strategies (e.g. using search operators) to find reliable information on the internet. I can use web feeds (like RSS) to be updated with content I am interested in. I can assess the validity and credibility of information using a range of criteria. I am aware of new advances in information search, storage and retrieval. Ι can save information found on the internet in different formats. I can use cloud information storage services.

Content creation

  • Basic user

I can produce simple digital content (e.g. text, tables, images, audio files) in at least one format using digital tools. I can make basic editing to content produced by others. I know that content can be covered by copyright. I can apply and modify simple functions and settings of software and applications that I use (e.g. change default settings).

  • Independent user

I can produce complex digital content in different formats (e.g. text, tables, images, audio files). I can use tools/editors for creating web page or blog using templates (e.g. WordPress). I can apply basic formatting (e.g. insert footnotes, charts, tables) to the content I or others have produced. I know how to reference and reuse content covered by copyright. I know the basics of one programming language.

  • Proficient user

I can produce or modify complex, multimedia content in different formats, using a variety of digital platforms, tools and environments. I can create a website using a programming language. I can use advanced formatting functions of different tools (e.g. mail merge, merging documents of different formats, using advanced formulas, macros). I know how to apply licences and copyrights. I can use several programming languages. I know how to design, create and modify databases with a computer tool.

Communication

  • Basic user

I can communicate with others using mobile phone, Voice over IP (e.g. Skype) e-mail or chat – using basic features (e.g. voice messaging, SMS, send and receive e-mails, text exchange). I can share files and content using simple tools. I know I can use digital technologies to interact with services (as governments, banks, hospitals). I am aware of social networking sites and online collaboration tools. I am aware that when using digital tools, certain communication rules apply (e.g. when commenting, sharing personal information).

  • Independent user

I can use advanced features of several communication tools (e.g. using Voice over IP and sharing files). I can use collaboration tools and contribute to e.g. shared documents/files someone else has created. I can use some features of online services (e.g. public services, e-banking, online shopping). I pass on or share knowledge with others online (e.g. through social networking tools or in online communities). I am aware of and use the rules of online communication (“netiquette”).

  • Proficient user

I actively use a wide range of communication tools (e-mail, chat, SMS, instant messaging, blogs, micro-blogs, social networks) for online communication. I can create and manage content with collaboration tools (e.g. electronic calendars, project management systems, online proofing, online spreadsheets). I actively participate in online spaces and use several online services (e.g. public services, e-banking, online shopping). I can use advanced features of communication tools (e.g. video conferencing, data sharing, application sharing).

Problem solving

  • Basic user

I can find support and assistance when a technical problem occurs or when using a new device, program or application. I know how to solve some routine problems (e.g. close program, re-start computer, re-install/update program, check internet connection). I know that digital tools can help me in solving problems. I am also aware that they have their limitations. When confronted with a technological or non-technological problem, I can use the digital tools I know to solve it. I am aware that I need to update my digital skills regularly.

  • Independent user

I can solve most of the more frequent problems that arise when using digital technologies. I can use digital technologies to solve (non-technical) problems. I can select a digital tool that suits my needs and assess its effectiveness. I can solve technological problems by exploring the settings and options of programmes or tools. I regularly update my digital skills. I am aware of my limits and try to fill my gaps.

  • Proficient user

I can solve almost all problems that arise when using digital technology. I can choose the right tool, device, application, software or service to solve (non-technical) problems. I am aware of new technological developments. I understand how new tools work. I frequently update my digital skills.

Safety

  • Basic user

I can take basic steps to protect my devices (e.g. using anti-viruses and passwords). I know that not all online information is reliable. I am aware that my credentials (username and password) can be stolen. I know I should not reveal private information online. I know that using digital technology too extensively can affect my health. I take basic measures to save energy.

  • Independent user

I have installed security programmes on the device(s) that I use to access the Internet (e.g. antivirus, firewall). I run these programmes on a regular basis and I update them regularly. I use different passwords to access equipment, devices and digital services and I modify them on a periodic basis. I can identify the websites or e-mail messages which might be used to scam. I can identify a phishing e-mail. I can shape my online digital identity and keep track of my digital footprint. I understand the health risks associated with the use of digital technology (e.g. ergonomy, risk of addiction). I understand the positive and negative impact of technology on the environment.

  • Proficient user

I frequently check the security configuration and systems of my devices and/or of the applications I use. I know how to react if my computer is infected by a virus. I can configure or modify the firewall and security settings of my digital devices. I know how to encrypt e-mails or files. I can apply filters to spam e-mails. To avoid health problems (physical and psychological), I make reasonable use of information and communication technology. I have an informed stance on the impact of digital technologies on everyday life, online consumption, and the environment.

Read more on https://europass.cedefop.europa.eu/resources/digital-competences

Validation digital competences by Youthpass

If senior citizens participate in youth work as experts, trainers or youth workers, for the recognition or validation of their learning outcomes and digital competences during learning, teaching or training activities can be used such European instrument like Youthpass. One of 8 key competences in Youthpass is digital competence.

Youthpass is a European recognition tool for non-formal and informal learning in youth work. Youthpass is used for projects funded by Erasmus+ Programme.

Read more on https://www.youthpass.eu/en/youthpass/about/

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